Some recent mobile computing applications try to automatically identify the places being visited by the user from a log of GPS readings. Such applications reverse geocode the GPS data to discover the actual places (shops, restaurants, etc.) where the user has been. Unfortunately, because of GPS errors, the actual addresses and businesses being visited cannot be extracted unambiguously and often only a list of candidate places can be obtained. Commonsense reasoning can notably help the disambiguation process by invalidating some unlikely findings (e.g., a user visiting a cinema in the morning). In this paper we illustrate the use of Cyc – an artificial intelligence system comprising a database of commonsense knowledge – to improve automatic place identification. Cyc allows to probabilistically rank the list of candidate places in consideration of the commonsense likelihood of that place being actually visited on the basis of the user profile, the time of the day, what happened before, etc. The system has been evaluated using real data collected from a mobile computing application.

Applying Commonsense Reasoning to Place Identification / Mamei, Marco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HANDHELD COMPUTING RESEARCH. - ISSN 1947-9158. - STAMPA. - 1:(2010), pp. 36-53.

Applying Commonsense Reasoning to Place Identification

MAMEI, Marco
2010

Abstract

Some recent mobile computing applications try to automatically identify the places being visited by the user from a log of GPS readings. Such applications reverse geocode the GPS data to discover the actual places (shops, restaurants, etc.) where the user has been. Unfortunately, because of GPS errors, the actual addresses and businesses being visited cannot be extracted unambiguously and often only a list of candidate places can be obtained. Commonsense reasoning can notably help the disambiguation process by invalidating some unlikely findings (e.g., a user visiting a cinema in the morning). In this paper we illustrate the use of Cyc – an artificial intelligence system comprising a database of commonsense knowledge – to improve automatic place identification. Cyc allows to probabilistically rank the list of candidate places in consideration of the commonsense likelihood of that place being actually visited on the basis of the user profile, the time of the day, what happened before, etc. The system has been evaluated using real data collected from a mobile computing application.
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Applying Commonsense Reasoning to Place Identification / Mamei, Marco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HANDHELD COMPUTING RESEARCH. - ISSN 1947-9158. - STAMPA. - 1:(2010), pp. 36-53.
Mamei, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1054924
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