In this paper we consider Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in one-, two- and three-dimension lattice potentials. The key argument for the explanation of the transition from Superfluidity phase to Mott- Insulator phase is suggested to be the spontaneous symmetry breaking effect which occurs for critical values of the ratio between the on-site interaction term and the hopping matrix element. Such an effect can be directly seen in the Gross-Pitaevskii equation with double-well potentials and it also explains the different behavior between one-dimensional models and two/three-dimensional models.

First principle explanation of phase transition for Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices / Sacchetti, Andrea. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1434-6028. - STAMPA. - 87(2014), pp. 243-249. [10.1140/epjb/e2014-50404-x]

First principle explanation of phase transition for Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices

SACCHETTI, Andrea
2014

Abstract

In this paper we consider Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) in one-, two- and three-dimension lattice potentials. The key argument for the explanation of the transition from Superfluidity phase to Mott- Insulator phase is suggested to be the spontaneous symmetry breaking effect which occurs for critical values of the ratio between the on-site interaction term and the hopping matrix element. Such an effect can be directly seen in the Gross-Pitaevskii equation with double-well potentials and it also explains the different behavior between one-dimensional models and two/three-dimensional models.
87
243
249
First principle explanation of phase transition for Bose-Einstein condensates in optical lattices / Sacchetti, Andrea. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1434-6028. - STAMPA. - 87(2014), pp. 243-249. [10.1140/epjb/e2014-50404-x]
Sacchetti, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1046716
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