Background: The impact on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) occurrence of a multifaceted program, including progressive strategies for VAP prevention, implemented in an Italian intensive care unit (ICU) is reported. Methods: All adults admitted to the ICU in 2004-2010 with a length of stay 72 hours and mechanical ventilation time 48 hours were included in the study. Demographics, clinical information, and data on VAP were extracted from the ICU-acquired infection surveillance dataset. A standardized bundle for VAP prevention was implemented in 2004. In 2008, selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) was added to the protocol. Changes in VAP incidence were evaluated. Results: There were 1,372 subjects included in the study. Overall, 156 (11.4%) developed VAP. In the second part of the study VAP incidence decreased from 15.9% to 6.7% (P <.001). Reductions both in early-onset VAP (6.6% to 1.9%; P < .001) and late-onset VAP (9.3% to 4.7%; P < .001) incidence were observed. Multivariate analysis showed a significant reduction in the risk of developing VAP from multidrug resistant pathogens in the bundle plus SDD period as well (odds ratio, .54; 95% confidence interval, .31-.91). Conclusion: The implementation of a standardized approach to patient care, including a number of key reduction interventions, was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of developing VAP.

Trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia: Impact of a ventilator care bundle in an Italian tertiary care hospital intensive care unit / Righi, Elena; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Elena, Ferrari; Chiara, Giovanardi; Stefano, Busani; Laura, Rinaldi; Girardis, Massimo. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL. - ISSN 0196-6553. - STAMPA. - 42(2014), pp. 1312-1316. [10.1016/j.ajic.2014.08.009]

Trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia: Impact of a ventilator care bundle in an Italian tertiary care hospital intensive care unit

RIGHI, Elena;AGGAZZOTTI, Gabriella;Stefano Busani;GIRARDIS, Massimo
2014

Abstract

Background: The impact on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) occurrence of a multifaceted program, including progressive strategies for VAP prevention, implemented in an Italian intensive care unit (ICU) is reported. Methods: All adults admitted to the ICU in 2004-2010 with a length of stay 72 hours and mechanical ventilation time 48 hours were included in the study. Demographics, clinical information, and data on VAP were extracted from the ICU-acquired infection surveillance dataset. A standardized bundle for VAP prevention was implemented in 2004. In 2008, selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) was added to the protocol. Changes in VAP incidence were evaluated. Results: There were 1,372 subjects included in the study. Overall, 156 (11.4%) developed VAP. In the second part of the study VAP incidence decreased from 15.9% to 6.7% (P <.001). Reductions both in early-onset VAP (6.6% to 1.9%; P < .001) and late-onset VAP (9.3% to 4.7%; P < .001) incidence were observed. Multivariate analysis showed a significant reduction in the risk of developing VAP from multidrug resistant pathogens in the bundle plus SDD period as well (odds ratio, .54; 95% confidence interval, .31-.91). Conclusion: The implementation of a standardized approach to patient care, including a number of key reduction interventions, was associated with a significant reduction in the risk of developing VAP.
42
1312
1316
Trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia: Impact of a ventilator care bundle in an Italian tertiary care hospital intensive care unit / Righi, Elena; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Elena, Ferrari; Chiara, Giovanardi; Stefano, Busani; Laura, Rinaldi; Girardis, Massimo. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INFECTION CONTROL. - ISSN 0196-6553. - STAMPA. - 42(2014), pp. 1312-1316. [10.1016/j.ajic.2014.08.009]
Righi, Elena; Aggazzotti, Gabriella; Elena, Ferrari; Chiara, Giovanardi; Stefano, Busani; Laura, Rinaldi; Girardis, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1044314
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