Aims The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of hemin in colonic epithelial cells (Caco-2) cell proliferation and if this effect was due to a direct modulation of 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) and/or heme oxygenase type 1 (HO-1). Main methods The main methods are as follow: cell proliferation and cell cytotoxic assays on Caco-2 cell lines treated with hemin in the presence or not of 1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1-methylpropyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxamide (PK 11195) and Sn-protoporphyrin IX (Sn-PPIX), and immunoblotting for TSPO and HO-1 protein analysis, siRNA directed against TSPO. Key findings Hemin was shown to be toxic for the Caco-2 cell line in a concentration and time dependent manner. Although hemin was able to induce HO-1 in a dose dependent manner, a specific HO-1 inhibitor, Sn-PPIX, was unable to interfere with the effect of hemin on Caco-2 cells. Instead, PK 11195, a specific TSPO ligand, was able to counteract the effect of hemin, suggesting an important role of TSPO in the hemin activity. Cell viability assay further confirms the high cytotoxic effects exerted by hemin on Caco-2 cells expressing TSPO compared to the siRNA-TSPO targeted cells. In addition, hemin was able to decrease significantly the TSPO protein density in a dose dependent manner after 24 h of incubation. Significance The interaction and the consecutive down regulation of TSPO by hemin played an important role in the control of Caco-2 cell viability. The presented data suggest that TSPO might contribute to protect cells from potential toxic compounds such as free tetrapyrroles, candidating this receptor as a survival receptor protein.
Cytotoxic effect of hemin in colonic epithelial cell line: Involvement of 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO) / Gemelli, Claudia; Dongmo, Bm; Ferrarini, F; Grande, Alexis; Corsi, Lorenzo. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 107(2014), pp. 14-20. [10.1016/j.lfs.2014.04.026]
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Titolo:||Cytotoxic effect of hemin in colonic epithelial cell line: Involvement of 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO).|
|Autore/i:||Gemelli, Claudia; Dongmo, Bm; Ferrarini, F; Grande, Alexis; Corsi, Lorenzo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2014.04.026|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000337870700003|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84902547694|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||24792517|
|Citazione:||Cytotoxic effect of hemin in colonic epithelial cell line: Involvement of 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO) / Gemelli, Claudia; Dongmo, Bm; Ferrarini, F; Grande, Alexis; Corsi, Lorenzo. - In: LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 0024-3205. - STAMPA. - 107(2014), pp. 14-20. [10.1016/j.lfs.2014.04.026]|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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