OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study are to describe the incidence trend of malignant polyp of large bowel over a 25-year period in the District of Modena and to assess the effect of an organized colorectal cancer screening program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Through the data of a specialized colorectal cancer Registry, we evaluate the clinical and pathological features of the polyps. Trend analysis was assessed with the Joinpoint Regression Program. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients with malignant polyps were diagnosed throughout the study (3.5% of 4.835 registered patients); their overall frequency during the registration period increased from zero cases in the initial years (1984-85) to 57 cases in the past 3 years (2006-2008). Crude incidence rate passed from 0.37 in 1986-89 to 10.2 in 2006. Joinpoint trend analysis of crude rates showed a significant increase of incidence during the study period, with percent of annual variation ranging between 38.6% (95% CI 12.5-70.7) and 7.3% (95% CI 2.6-12.1). During the screening period (2005-2008, the past 4 years of registration) there was a significant increase of sessile polyps (p < 0.001), while other clinical and morphological features, including the number of low- and high-risk malignant polyps, remained unchanged. The surgery (after polypectomy) tended to raise both in low- and high-risk subgroups. CONCLUSION: The incidence of malignant polyps increased significantly from the initial to the most recent periods of colorectal cancer registration. Screening was associated with changes in gross morphology of polyps and with an increased use of the surgery after endoscopic polypectomy.

Incidence trend of malignant polyps through the data of a specialized colorectal cancer registry: clinical features and effect of screening / REGGIANI BONETTI, Luca; DI GREGORIO, Carmela; Pedroni, Monica; Domati, Federica; Barresi, V; Marcheselli, L; PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0036-5521. - ELETTRONICO. - 48:(2013), pp. 1294-1301. [10.3109/00365521.2013.838301]

Incidence trend of malignant polyps through the data of a specialized colorectal cancer registry: clinical features and effect of screening.

REGGIANI BONETTI, Luca;DI GREGORIO, CARMELA;PEDRONI, Monica;DOMATI, Federica;PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio
2013

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study are to describe the incidence trend of malignant polyp of large bowel over a 25-year period in the District of Modena and to assess the effect of an organized colorectal cancer screening program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Through the data of a specialized colorectal cancer Registry, we evaluate the clinical and pathological features of the polyps. Trend analysis was assessed with the Joinpoint Regression Program. RESULTS: A total of 172 patients with malignant polyps were diagnosed throughout the study (3.5% of 4.835 registered patients); their overall frequency during the registration period increased from zero cases in the initial years (1984-85) to 57 cases in the past 3 years (2006-2008). Crude incidence rate passed from 0.37 in 1986-89 to 10.2 in 2006. Joinpoint trend analysis of crude rates showed a significant increase of incidence during the study period, with percent of annual variation ranging between 38.6% (95% CI 12.5-70.7) and 7.3% (95% CI 2.6-12.1). During the screening period (2005-2008, the past 4 years of registration) there was a significant increase of sessile polyps (p < 0.001), while other clinical and morphological features, including the number of low- and high-risk malignant polyps, remained unchanged. The surgery (after polypectomy) tended to raise both in low- and high-risk subgroups. CONCLUSION: The incidence of malignant polyps increased significantly from the initial to the most recent periods of colorectal cancer registration. Screening was associated with changes in gross morphology of polyps and with an increased use of the surgery after endoscopic polypectomy.
48
1294
1301
Incidence trend of malignant polyps through the data of a specialized colorectal cancer registry: clinical features and effect of screening / REGGIANI BONETTI, Luca; DI GREGORIO, Carmela; Pedroni, Monica; Domati, Federica; Barresi, V; Marcheselli, L; PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0036-5521. - ELETTRONICO. - 48:(2013), pp. 1294-1301. [10.3109/00365521.2013.838301]
REGGIANI BONETTI, Luca; DI GREGORIO, Carmela; Pedroni, Monica; Domati, Federica; Barresi, V; Marcheselli, L; PONZ DE LEON, Maurizio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1011517
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