We investigate the effect of slavery on the current level of income inequality across US counties. We find that a larger proportion of slaves over population in 1860 persistently increases inequality, and in particular inequality across races. We also show that a crucial channel of transmission from slavery to racial inequality is human capital accumulation, i.e., current inequality is primarily influenced by slavery through the unequal educational attainment of blacks and whites. Finally, we provide suggestive evidence that the underlying links run through the political exclusion of former slaves and the resulting negative influence on the local provision of education.

Slavery, Education, and Inequality / Bertocchi, Graziella; A., Dimico. - In: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW. - ISSN 0014-2921. - STAMPA. - 70:(2014), pp. 197-209. [10.1016/j.euroecorev.2014.04.007]

Slavery, Education, and Inequality

BERTOCCHI, Graziella;
2014

Abstract

We investigate the effect of slavery on the current level of income inequality across US counties. We find that a larger proportion of slaves over population in 1860 persistently increases inequality, and in particular inequality across races. We also show that a crucial channel of transmission from slavery to racial inequality is human capital accumulation, i.e., current inequality is primarily influenced by slavery through the unequal educational attainment of blacks and whites. Finally, we provide suggestive evidence that the underlying links run through the political exclusion of former slaves and the resulting negative influence on the local provision of education.
2014
70
197
209
Slavery, Education, and Inequality / Bertocchi, Graziella; A., Dimico. - In: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC REVIEW. - ISSN 0014-2921. - STAMPA. - 70:(2014), pp. 197-209. [10.1016/j.euroecorev.2014.04.007]
Bertocchi, Graziella; A., Dimico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1011514
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