The Portughese city of Sintra is an UNESCO world heritage site for cultural and environmental aspects. The city is located 30 km from Lisbon and 15 km from Atlantic Ocean, and is a touristic site in every seasons mainly for its architectural qualities.This work describes the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of the city and the surrounding Serra in order to give an added value to tourist appraisal and promotion of the area.Sintra's Serra is an elliptic igneous massif 10 km E-W and 5 km N-S, 300-500 m above sea level. The geological structure is complex but it can be simplified as a core of sienites surrounded by granites in a calcareous rocks plateau.The morphogenetic processes, beside common landforms such as valleys, scarps and ridges, shaped a variety of particular morphologies as round blocks, inselberg, tafoni, etc… The most spectacular ones have been decribed and classified as geosites in a data-base.The oldest archaeological remains dates to Mesolithic, but the area has been extensively occupied during the Neolithic/Calcolithic, Bronze and Iron Age. In historical time Romans, Visigots and Arabs left some interesting architectural and linguistic marks. All the archaeological sites have been classified according bibliographic, museal data and field surveys. They are all included in a data-base.Two GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps (1:25.000 of Sintra Serra and 1:10.000 of Sintra town) are the results of the information collected in the geological and cultural data-bases. The maps have been implemented, by means of ArcGIS computer programme, integrating geological, geomorphological, archaeological and historical aspects with the tourist infrastructure (information point, parking area, accommodations, panoramic points, etc) in order to obtain documents readable, simple, clear but scientifically accurate also for non-expert users. The main purpose of the GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps is to favour the tourists to discover the Sintra’s area also for its landscape and archaeological aspects.

Study of the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of Sintra area (Portugal) as contribution to its tourist appraisal and promotion / S., Levratti; M. L., Rodrigues; Castaldini, Doriano; Levi, SARA TIZIANA. - STAMPA. - 1:(2010), pp. 57-58. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Conference on Geoheritage and Geotourism (ICGG 2010) tenutosi a Lisbon (Portugal) nel 14-17 October 2010.

Study of the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of Sintra area (Portugal) as contribution to its tourist appraisal and promotion

CASTALDINI, Doriano;LEVI, SARA TIZIANA
2010

Abstract

The Portughese city of Sintra is an UNESCO world heritage site for cultural and environmental aspects. The city is located 30 km from Lisbon and 15 km from Atlantic Ocean, and is a touristic site in every seasons mainly for its architectural qualities.This work describes the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of the city and the surrounding Serra in order to give an added value to tourist appraisal and promotion of the area.Sintra's Serra is an elliptic igneous massif 10 km E-W and 5 km N-S, 300-500 m above sea level. The geological structure is complex but it can be simplified as a core of sienites surrounded by granites in a calcareous rocks plateau.The morphogenetic processes, beside common landforms such as valleys, scarps and ridges, shaped a variety of particular morphologies as round blocks, inselberg, tafoni, etc… The most spectacular ones have been decribed and classified as geosites in a data-base.The oldest archaeological remains dates to Mesolithic, but the area has been extensively occupied during the Neolithic/Calcolithic, Bronze and Iron Age. In historical time Romans, Visigots and Arabs left some interesting architectural and linguistic marks. All the archaeological sites have been classified according bibliographic, museal data and field surveys. They are all included in a data-base.Two GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps (1:25.000 of Sintra Serra and 1:10.000 of Sintra town) are the results of the information collected in the geological and cultural data-bases. The maps have been implemented, by means of ArcGIS computer programme, integrating geological, geomorphological, archaeological and historical aspects with the tourist infrastructure (information point, parking area, accommodations, panoramic points, etc) in order to obtain documents readable, simple, clear but scientifically accurate also for non-expert users. The main purpose of the GeoArchaeo-Tourist maps is to favour the tourists to discover the Sintra’s area also for its landscape and archaeological aspects.
International Conference on Geoheritage and Geotourism (ICGG 2010)
Lisbon (Portugal)
14-17 October 2010
S., Levratti; M. L., Rodrigues; Castaldini, Doriano; Levi, SARA TIZIANA
Study of the geomorphological and archaeological aspects of Sintra area (Portugal) as contribution to its tourist appraisal and promotion / S., Levratti; M. L., Rodrigues; Castaldini, Doriano; Levi, SARA TIZIANA. - STAMPA. - 1:(2010), pp. 57-58. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Conference on Geoheritage and Geotourism (ICGG 2010) tenutosi a Lisbon (Portugal) nel 14-17 October 2010.
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