Microglia activation occurs during brain injury, ischemia and several neurological disorders. Moreover, microglial cells are highly dynamic structures also during the “resting” state in vivo, releasing neurotrophic factors and/or pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Recently, we obtained a transmissible cytotoxic activity (TCA) from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with brain ischemia. We demonstrated that this TCA is associated with one or 2 protein(s), that supposedly underwent misfolding, and causes apoptotic cytotoxicity in a variety of cell lines. In this work, we studied microglia response to this TCA. The murine brain macrophage cell line RR4 was stimulated with TCA. Its response was evaluated as phagocytosis and antifungal activity against C. Albicans, and as secretion pattern, measuring MIP-1and TNF- by commercial sandwich ELISAs, nitric oxide (NO) by Griess reaction and phosphorylation of p38 by Fast Activated Cell-based ELISA.Microglia stimulated with TCA showed an increase in phagocytosis of C. albicans. On the contrary, the macrophage capability to kill the ingested fungi was diminished. The analysis of soluble factors secreted by microglial cells in response to TCA demonstrated an increase in MIP-1TNF- NO and an activation of p38 MAP kinase. These results suggest an initial microglia activation induced by TCA leading to an increase in candida ingestion not followed by killing of the fungus. Activation of p38 MAP kinase could suggest the induction of a signaling cascade leading to TCA production which in turn could cause failure in the antifungal activity. Moreover, MIP-1a, NO and TNF-a secretion by microglia cells and induction of apoptosis could provide an in vitro model for the cell events associated with brain ischemia.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Autore/i:||Beretti, Francesca; Cermelli, Claudio; Cenacchi, V.; Orsi, Carlotta Francesca; Blasi, Elisabetta; Portolani, Marinella|
|Titolo:||Beretti F., Cermelli C., Cenacchi V., Orsi C., Blasi E., Portolani M.|
|Nome del convegno:||6th National Congress of the Italian Society Of Virology A joint meeting with Virus Group Of The Society for General Microbiology (Uk)|
|Luogo del convegno:||Orvieto|
|Data del convegno:||18-20 settembre 2006|
|Citazione:||Beretti F., Cermelli C., Cenacchi V., Orsi C., Blasi E., Portolani M / Beretti, Francesca; Cermelli, Claudio; Cenacchi, V.; Orsi, Carlotta Francesca; Blasi, Elisabetta; Portolani, Marinella. - STAMPA. - 1(2006), pp. 37-37. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 6th National Congress of the Italian Society Of Virology A joint meeting with Virus Group Of The Society for General Microbiology (Uk) tenutosi a Orvieto nel 18-20 settembre 2006.|
|Tipologia||Abstract in Atti di Convegno|
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