Evaporites are fascinating deposits not only becauseof their hydrocarbon potential and usually excellentpreservation of depositional structures but alsofrom their important role in the interpretation of basinevolution and palaeogeography. They have an unusualpotential to record in detail the final stage of developmentof many sedimentary basins. For these reasons,there was widespread research on evaporites in thesecond half of the 20th century, which resulted in severalkey books and special volumes that outlined thegeological conditions and processes controlling theformation of these deposits. It is worth stressing herethe outstanding efforts in this field of the first of the coeditorsof the volume. It is now clear, for example, thatevaporites are unusually differentiated with regard totheir lithology, petrography and mineralogy, sedimentologyand diagenesis, composition, origin and evolutionin space and time.As a result of this expansion inresearch many fundamental questions relating to thegeology of evaporites have been identified. Some ofthese, however, such as diagenetic conversion, theprocesses leading finally to the evaporitic rocks and thegeochemistry of these rocks, to mention only a few;have received little attention from researchers so farand remain for future investigation. In this context, theorigin of evaporites, their sedimentology and diagenesis,and their economic potential are still at the descriptivestage, as exemplified by the book under review.The volume documents evaporites of different agesand regions around the world, attributed to variousmodels and processes of origin, composition and diagenetictransformations, and occurring essentially inthe ancient record. There is first a critical overview bythe editors of the results of the papers comprising thevolume, placing these into the context of the state-ofthe-art of current research. The compilation is dividedinto five parts of unequal length, each comprising fromtwo to six contributions. The first part of the volume isrelatively long and deals with Tectonics, basin evolutionand evaporites (five papers). Then follow twovery short parts devoted to Working depositional models(two papers) and Post-depositional evolution ofsediments (two papers). The fourth part is the largestand deals with Ancient basins (seven papers). Thebook finishes with two examples of Regional reviews(two papers). In my view it is the first and fourth partsof the volume that are the most interesting.The volume covers a great range of evaporite topics.In their selection of papers, the editors have tendedto concentrate on those describing gypsum and salt deposits,but there is one paper on clastic deposits predatingtheMioceneMediterranean evaporites and twopapers on carbonates supposedly associated with theAlpine Triassic and Neoarchaean evaporites respectively.With regard to evaporite mineralogy, the topicscovered range from gypsum, through anhydrite, KMgsulphate to halite, potash salts and sylvite. The volumepresents evaporites from South Africa, northAfrica, through theMediterranean and eastAsia, fromthe European Alpine systems to South Atlantic saltsettings and the Permian Basin of Texas and NewMexico; the evaporites described were deposited in intracratonic,through orogenic, foreland and platform tosyn- and post rift evaporitic basins, and range in agefrom Precambrian to modern saline brines. The methodsused by the authors range from classic field and regionalinvestigations, through seismic to geochemical(fluid inclusions and stable isotopes) and even experimentalstudies. The reader will find in this volume regionalsyntheses, discussions of local phenomena(“pseudocarniole”, sylvite), short and long contributions,standard research papers and overviews, newideas and repetitions of old hypotheses. Taking into accountthe great range of geological questions and methodscovered, and the different types of paper (both analyticand synthetic) presented, this is a well plannedand well organized book with up-to date references, auseful index, and excellent photos and illustrations. Theindividual papers are written by active researchers whoare well recognized in their respective field of researchat least at least in their own region. In general, everybodymay find something of interest to enhance theirknowledge of evaporites. In particular, I would like todraw the reader’s attention to how much we can learnfrom seismic analyses with regard to the geometry ofevaporites and basin evolution (papers by KERNER &GAMBÔA and BERTONI & CARTWRIGHT). Similarly,some new ideas with regard to the Badenian gypsumpalaeoenvironments may come from the highly sophisticateddepositional models for gypsum suggestedby M. BĄBEL. However, this extensive conceptualmodelling does not help to account for the gypsumsubfacies present across the whole Carpathian Foredeep,especially when the interpretations of these faciesare often based by that author on very local, essentiallycarbonate settings, which are nonrepresentativefor this regionally large gypsum basin.An unusual assemblage of evaporitic structures, aswell as possible, albeit unproven, examples of true calcitereplacement after selenites are found in Neoarchaeancarbonates of South Africa (GANDIN &WRIGHT). Certainly worth reading is the use of the arrayof evaporite sedimentary fabrics in the interpretationof the palaeowater depth of the Permian Basin ofTexas and NewMexico (HOVORKA & al.), which mayprove helpful in palaeoenvironmental reconstructionsof other evaporite basins.Finally, to what extent does the book achieve itsaim?As may be inferred from this extremely short reviewof the contents it would be difficult to find a sophisticatedcommon theme or idea linking this collectionof papers. This is understandable in that the editorswere limited in their choice of papers by the presentationsat the International Geological Union conferencein Florence in 2004. Possibly for the same reason,the papers included in the volume are uneven in length,content and quality.Although the editors have assembledthe papers on a wide range of topics in a satisfactorymanner, the contents and presentation of thevolume are not well balanced. Nevertheless, the volumemay help to complete or refresh our knowledge of“Evaporites Through Space and Time”. Although theeditors at the end of their overview aim to “…the futureMartian evaporites”, it is clear from the volumeunder review that there is still a lot of work to be doneon the evaporites of our own planet. In my opinion, astriking example of this is a common lack of considerationof carbonates in a wider palaeogeographic contextand their relationship to evaporites (e.g. papers byBĄBEL, BĄBEL& BOGUCKIJ and BUKOWSKI & al.). Becauseof this, the palaeoenvironmental reconstructionsare often hindered by the lack of relevant information.Perhaps it is a personal view, but some of the papersare overloaded with glossaries of concepts and definitionswhich make the texts too long and very heavy toread (e.g. BĄBEL). It is also usual for authors of scientificinvestigations to provide evidence in support oftheir interpretations and not merely state their own beliefs(e.g. HRYNIV & al., p. 320).In spite of these faults, I sincerely hope that thebook will be appreciated by students, researchers andprofessionals alike who wish to further their knowledgeof evaporites. It will certainly be a welcome additionto the libraries of both research and academic institutesand therefore can be recommended.ANDRZEJ GĄSIEWICZ Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland. E-mail: Andrzej.Gasiewicz@pgi.gov.pl
Evaporites through space and time / Schreiber B., C; Lugli, Stefano; Babel, M.. - In: ACTA GEOLOGICA POLONICA. - ISSN 0001-5709. - STAMPA. - 285(2007), pp. 1-373.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||Evaporites through space and time|
|Autore/i:||Schreiber B., C; Lugli, Stefano; Babel, M.|
|Rivista:||ACTA GEOLOGICA POLONICA|
|Editore:||The Geological Society London|
|Nazione editore:||REGNO UNITO DI GRAN BRETAGNA|
|Citazione:||Evaporites through space and time / Schreiber B., C; Lugli, Stefano; Babel, M.. - In: ACTA GEOLOGICA POLONICA. - ISSN 0001-5709. - STAMPA. - 285(2007), pp. 1-373.|
File in questo prodotto:
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris