We studied the bioavailability of acute supplementation of scalar doses of flaxseed oil by analysing the level of Linolenic acid (ALA, -3) and Linoleic acid (-6) in serum and tissues (adipose, liver and brain) of rats tested at 2-4-8-16 h after the administration. The amount of flaxseed oil administered by oral rate was 1.9, 4.7, 9.5 mL/kg corresponding to 1, 2.5, 5 g ALA/kg. Two techniques of lipid extraction were investigated to achieve maximal free fatty acids recovery in a reasonably short time. The corresponding fatty acid methyl esters obtained with direct methylation with MeOH/HCl, were quantified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) technique. GC-MS analyses were performed on a Gas-Chromatograph Varian 3400 on a HP-INNOWAX column (30 m x 0.25 mm; 0.25 m film thickness). Mass spectra were acquired on a Finnigan MAT SSQ 710A mass spectrometer in the electron impact (EI) mode.Serum ALA levels at 1 g/kg after 2h in the flaxseed oil group increased by 70% from 0.067 ± 0.007 to 0.096 ± 0.008 mg/mL (P<0.001 Anova) whereas no significant increase occurred in the flaxseed oil group at 2.5 g/kg (0.142 ± 0.009) or at 5 g/kg after 2 h (0.140 ± 0.008) when compared with the value obtained after 1 g/kg. A statistically significant increase of ALA was found in adipose tissue and in liver 4 h after the administration of 1 g/kg of ALA whereas higher doses (2.5-5 g/kg) did not produce any significant changes. Concerning linoleic acid (-6) no significant increased concentrations were found in serum at the three doses studied confirming that flaxseed oil is mainly a source of -3 fatty acids.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Autori:||Campioli E.; Avallone R.; Rustichelli C.; Notarangelo F.; Braghiroli D.; Baraldi M.|
|Titolo:||Flaxseed oil: acute and chronic supplementation increases serum and tissue concentrations of omega fatty acids in rats|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract in Atti di Convegno|
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