The archaeological site ”Terramara Santa Rosa di Poviglio” (1550–1170 BC) has been investigated for 35 years, under the direction of M. Cremaschi and M.A. Bernab`o Brea. It is the key site of the nationalfunded SUCCESSO-TERRA Project (Human societies, climate-environment changes and resource exploitation/sustainability in the Po Plain in the mid-Holocene: the Terramare culture; PRIN-20158KBLNB; https://www.successoterra.net; Cremaschi et al. 2018). This interdisciplinary project focuses on the relationship between humans, climate, and environment during the trajectory of the Terramara culture. This society underwent a phase of intense development and demographic increase before it collapsed, after 3000 years, due to negative climate factors and the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources. Three oﬀ-site cores were collected at diﬀerent distances north of the archaeological site ”Terramara Santa Rosa di Poviglio” in the summer 2018 with the main purpose to verify the presence of a Po River palaeoriverbed near the site, and to collect data on Holocene environmental transformations. A total of 292 pollen samples are under study. First results regard the more recent samples from the three cores, detailing land use andlandcoveraftertheBronzeAge. Pollendatasuggestthedecreaseofagriculturallanduseinthearea,with spread of wet meadows (Cyperaceae and aquatics) and environments rich of hygrophilous woods (with Salix and Alnus). Palynological data add information to stratigraphical descriptions, radiocarbon dating, petrographic and organic matter analyses, in addition to the archaeological analyses. The strong interdisciplinary perspective facilitatestheinvestigationoftheclimaticandanthropiccontributionstoenvironmentalchangesintheregion, and their relationships with the diﬀerent adaptive behavior of the Terramare people. The new palynological data obtained from oﬀ-site palaeoenvironmental analyses can integrate the on-site analyses already carried out showing evidence of local human activities (Cremaschi et al. 2016). The correlation between oﬀ-site and on-site studies is necessary to understand the lasting environmental changesat a regional scale (Mercuri et al. 2012).
Preliminary palynological results from oﬀ-site cores at theTerramara Santa Rosa di Poviglio, N Italy (SUCCESSO-TERRA Project) / Clo', Eleonora; Torri, Paola; Mercuri, Anna Maria; Mariani, Guido S.; Zerboni, Andrea; Cremaschi, Mauro. - (2019), p. 79. (Intervento presentato al convegno The Mediterranean Palynological Societies Symposium 2019 tenutosi a Bordeaux nel 9-10-11 luglio 2019).