Monte Cimone and Corno alle Scale are two protected mountains included in the Natura 2000 Network. The top of these mountains is characterized by Vaccinium and Nardus meadows and the timberline, formed by coppice beech forest, reaches 1600-1700 m a.s.l. Historical sources show the importance of these mountains for pastoral activities, which have been practiced until the 1950s, and then decreased drastically. Many pastoral structures, found (but not dated) in the current grassland of Monte Cimone, are witness of the ancient pastoral activity. Charcoal analysis provided information on the past wood vegetation changes in response to climate change and human impact, with details at the scale of the slope. Two altitudinal transects were carried out for the pedoanthracological study: nine pits were excavated and sampled from 1650 to 2078 m a.s.l at Monte Cimone, and eight pits from 1600 to 1860 m a.s.l. at Corno alle Scale. Moreover, an anthracological study was carried out on eight charcoal platforms. A total of 14 taxa were identified (e.g. Ericaceae and Fagus sylvatica). Almost all radiocarbon dates refer to the Late Holocene. Charcoal analysis data suggest that the inhabitants of the two mountain areas have exploited the natural physical conformation of the territory to use and manage the natural resources through the sylvopastoral activities, thus using the wood on the steep slope for charcoal production and the plateau for grazing activity.

Late Holocene plant exploitation for charcoal production and grazing in northern Apennines inferred from charcoals analysis / Benatti, Alessandra; Marie, Bal; Philippe, Allée; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria. - (2019), p. 47. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 18th Conference of the International Workgroup for Palaeoethnobotany tenutosi a Lecce nel 3-8 Giugno 2019.

Late Holocene plant exploitation for charcoal production and grazing in northern Apennines inferred from charcoals analysis

BENATTI, ALESSANDRA;BOSI, Giovanna;Anna Maria Mercuri
2019

Abstract

Monte Cimone and Corno alle Scale are two protected mountains included in the Natura 2000 Network. The top of these mountains is characterized by Vaccinium and Nardus meadows and the timberline, formed by coppice beech forest, reaches 1600-1700 m a.s.l. Historical sources show the importance of these mountains for pastoral activities, which have been practiced until the 1950s, and then decreased drastically. Many pastoral structures, found (but not dated) in the current grassland of Monte Cimone, are witness of the ancient pastoral activity. Charcoal analysis provided information on the past wood vegetation changes in response to climate change and human impact, with details at the scale of the slope. Two altitudinal transects were carried out for the pedoanthracological study: nine pits were excavated and sampled from 1650 to 2078 m a.s.l at Monte Cimone, and eight pits from 1600 to 1860 m a.s.l. at Corno alle Scale. Moreover, an anthracological study was carried out on eight charcoal platforms. A total of 14 taxa were identified (e.g. Ericaceae and Fagus sylvatica). Almost all radiocarbon dates refer to the Late Holocene. Charcoal analysis data suggest that the inhabitants of the two mountain areas have exploited the natural physical conformation of the territory to use and manage the natural resources through the sylvopastoral activities, thus using the wood on the steep slope for charcoal production and the plateau for grazing activity.
18th Conference of the International Workgroup for Palaeoethnobotany
Lecce
3-8 Giugno 2019
Benatti, Alessandra; Marie, Bal; Philippe, Allée; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria
Late Holocene plant exploitation for charcoal production and grazing in northern Apennines inferred from charcoals analysis / Benatti, Alessandra; Marie, Bal; Philippe, Allée; Bosi, Giovanna; Mercuri, Anna Maria. - (2019), p. 47. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 18th Conference of the International Workgroup for Palaeoethnobotany tenutosi a Lecce nel 3-8 Giugno 2019.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1177937
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