Over the last decades, the need to manage organic waste in a more efficient way and the need to find new sources of energy have opened new horizons in the use of insects for various purposes (e.g. food, feed, biodiesel). The ValoriBio project focuses on the valorisation of chicken manure through the use of Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), for the production of high quality compost and bioplastics for agricultural purposes. This study is aimed at the optimisation of the growth parameters of H. illucens on a substrate formed by a mixture of chicken manure, zeolitic tuff (Ca-chabazite), soil improver obtained from pruning shears of urban green, and water. The addition of the Ca-chabazite aims to reduce unpleasant smells, trap the excess of ammonium, and contribute to the formation of a post-breeding substrate which can be used as high-quality compost. The parameters to be maximized were: percentage and maximum average weight of prepupae and percentage of emerged adult flies. Results of a first trial, based on a special cubic model of combined mixture design that tested different ranges of the substrates at 27 and 33°C, recommended the removal of the soil improver and the selection of 27°C as preferred rearing temperature. A second trial considered different ranges of chicken manure, Ca-chabazite (at two different particle sizes) and water. Results from this experiment allowed the definition of the optimal composition for the substrates to obtain the highest percentage of prepupae (71-74%) and the highest average prepupae weight (0.069-0.072g), and were therefore used to plan the validation test, where chicken manure ranged between 34.5 and 45.0%, Ca-chabazite (larger particle size) between 5.0 and 7.2%, and water between 50.0 and 58.3%. These results are the basis to develop an optimized rearing cycle of H. illucens in an automatized pilot plant for organic waste conversion.

Valorisation of chicken manure using insects: Hermetia illucens in the VALORIBIO Project / Bortolini, S.; Macavei, L. I.; Foca, G.; Ulrici, A.; Bernini, F.; Malferrari, D.; Maistrello, L.. - (2018), pp. 239-240. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XI th European Congress of Entomology tenutosi a Napoli nel July 2-6 2018.

Valorisation of chicken manure using insects: Hermetia illucens in the VALORIBIO Project

Macavei L. I.;Foca G.;Ulrici A.;Bernini F.;Malferrari D.;Maistrello L.
2018

Abstract

Over the last decades, the need to manage organic waste in a more efficient way and the need to find new sources of energy have opened new horizons in the use of insects for various purposes (e.g. food, feed, biodiesel). The ValoriBio project focuses on the valorisation of chicken manure through the use of Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae), for the production of high quality compost and bioplastics for agricultural purposes. This study is aimed at the optimisation of the growth parameters of H. illucens on a substrate formed by a mixture of chicken manure, zeolitic tuff (Ca-chabazite), soil improver obtained from pruning shears of urban green, and water. The addition of the Ca-chabazite aims to reduce unpleasant smells, trap the excess of ammonium, and contribute to the formation of a post-breeding substrate which can be used as high-quality compost. The parameters to be maximized were: percentage and maximum average weight of prepupae and percentage of emerged adult flies. Results of a first trial, based on a special cubic model of combined mixture design that tested different ranges of the substrates at 27 and 33°C, recommended the removal of the soil improver and the selection of 27°C as preferred rearing temperature. A second trial considered different ranges of chicken manure, Ca-chabazite (at two different particle sizes) and water. Results from this experiment allowed the definition of the optimal composition for the substrates to obtain the highest percentage of prepupae (71-74%) and the highest average prepupae weight (0.069-0.072g), and were therefore used to plan the validation test, where chicken manure ranged between 34.5 and 45.0%, Ca-chabazite (larger particle size) between 5.0 and 7.2%, and water between 50.0 and 58.3%. These results are the basis to develop an optimized rearing cycle of H. illucens in an automatized pilot plant for organic waste conversion.
XI th European Congress of Entomology
Napoli
July 2-6 2018
Bortolini, S.; Macavei, L. I.; Foca, G.; Ulrici, A.; Bernini, F.; Malferrari, D.; Maistrello, L.
Valorisation of chicken manure using insects: Hermetia illucens in the VALORIBIO Project / Bortolini, S.; Macavei, L. I.; Foca, G.; Ulrici, A.; Bernini, F.; Malferrari, D.; Maistrello, L.. - (2018), pp. 239-240. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XI th European Congress of Entomology tenutosi a Napoli nel July 2-6 2018.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1168956
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