Due to its high sensitiveness, tropical biodiversity is a privileged target for the study of the effects of climate change; furthermore, birds (Aves) are considered excellent bioindicators, as climatic alterations strongly affect their life-cycle. The project CLIMBIO (Climate & Biodiversity), funded by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena, is aimed at the study of tropical ornithic fauna, together with the registration of weather parameters, in order to analyze the potential short and long term effects of climate change on birds. Within this project, we had the opportunity to undertake a periodic bird monitoring at Karen Mogensen Reserve, a protected area located in the Nicoya Peninsula, northwestern Costa Rica (Central America). This region is among the least known of the country in terms of ornithic fauna. The surveyed Reserve, an area of approximately 1,000 square hectares located between 100 and 500 m a.s.l., exhibits a complex of two main habitats: the widespread tropical dry forest and the moist forest surrounding some rivers and streams. These features make the area very suitable to host well diversified animal communities. For our study, fixed points and transects crossing the different habitat typologies and altitudes were identified and geolocalized with a GPS. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected based on direct observations and/or identification of bird songs. Here we provide results from a recent survey along with previous data collected over a 20 years period. The current checklist is made up of over 200 species, stressing the presence of a high species richness compared to similar areas in Costa Rica. We recorded 3 IUCN globally vulnerable or threatened species (Crax rubra, Procnias tricarunculatus, Passerina ciris) and reported for the first time 6 taxa from the Nicoya Peninsula, among which the icterid Molothrus bonariensis, a potential invasive species never observed before on the Pacific slope of Costa Rica. In addition, we revealed the presence of Ortalis vetula and Catharus aurantiirostris, two species that are characterized by isolated populations, restricted to the hills of the Nicoya Peninsula, and whose taxonomy needs further investigation. The information provided suggests that the Reserve represents a very important area for bird conservation within the country, and is confirmed as a suitable site for the continuation of the study on the influence of climate change on tropical biodiversity.

First data from bird monitoring at Karen Mogensen Reserve, northwestern Costa Rica / DAL ZOTTO, Matteo; Romeo, Giuseppe; Carnevali, Maurizio; Bisanti, Matteo; Sonetti, Dario; Mena, Luis; Pederzoli, Aurora. - (2016). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 1° Congresso nazionale congiunto SITE-UZI-SIB Biodiversity: concepts, new tools and future challenges tenutosi a Milano nel 30 agosto – 2 settembre 2016.

First data from bird monitoring at Karen Mogensen Reserve, northwestern Costa Rica

Dal Zotto Matteo;Romeo Giuseppe;CARNEVALI, MAURIZIO;Bisanti Matteo;Sonetti Dario;Pederzoli Aurora
2016-01-01

Abstract

Due to its high sensitiveness, tropical biodiversity is a privileged target for the study of the effects of climate change; furthermore, birds (Aves) are considered excellent bioindicators, as climatic alterations strongly affect their life-cycle. The project CLIMBIO (Climate & Biodiversity), funded by the Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena, is aimed at the study of tropical ornithic fauna, together with the registration of weather parameters, in order to analyze the potential short and long term effects of climate change on birds. Within this project, we had the opportunity to undertake a periodic bird monitoring at Karen Mogensen Reserve, a protected area located in the Nicoya Peninsula, northwestern Costa Rica (Central America). This region is among the least known of the country in terms of ornithic fauna. The surveyed Reserve, an area of approximately 1,000 square hectares located between 100 and 500 m a.s.l., exhibits a complex of two main habitats: the widespread tropical dry forest and the moist forest surrounding some rivers and streams. These features make the area very suitable to host well diversified animal communities. For our study, fixed points and transects crossing the different habitat typologies and altitudes were identified and geolocalized with a GPS. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected based on direct observations and/or identification of bird songs. Here we provide results from a recent survey along with previous data collected over a 20 years period. The current checklist is made up of over 200 species, stressing the presence of a high species richness compared to similar areas in Costa Rica. We recorded 3 IUCN globally vulnerable or threatened species (Crax rubra, Procnias tricarunculatus, Passerina ciris) and reported for the first time 6 taxa from the Nicoya Peninsula, among which the icterid Molothrus bonariensis, a potential invasive species never observed before on the Pacific slope of Costa Rica. In addition, we revealed the presence of Ortalis vetula and Catharus aurantiirostris, two species that are characterized by isolated populations, restricted to the hills of the Nicoya Peninsula, and whose taxonomy needs further investigation. The information provided suggests that the Reserve represents a very important area for bird conservation within the country, and is confirmed as a suitable site for the continuation of the study on the influence of climate change on tropical biodiversity.
1° Congresso nazionale congiunto SITE-UZI-SIB Biodiversity: concepts, new tools and future challenges
Milano
30 agosto – 2 settembre 2016
DAL ZOTTO, Matteo; Romeo, Giuseppe; Carnevali, Maurizio; Bisanti, Matteo; Sonetti, Dario; Mena, Luis; Pederzoli, Aurora
First data from bird monitoring at Karen Mogensen Reserve, northwestern Costa Rica / DAL ZOTTO, Matteo; Romeo, Giuseppe; Carnevali, Maurizio; Bisanti, Matteo; Sonetti, Dario; Mena, Luis; Pederzoli, Aurora. - (2016). ((Intervento presentato al convegno 1° Congresso nazionale congiunto SITE-UZI-SIB Biodiversity: concepts, new tools and future challenges tenutosi a Milano nel 30 agosto – 2 settembre 2016.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1157513
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