In 2009, an archaeological excavation (named “Ex Cinema Capitol”) was carried out in the current historical centre of the city of Modena (Northern Italy) by the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of Emilia Romagna. It has reached a depth of 6.7 metres from the current roadway level (corresponding to 27.1 metres a.s.l.) that has allowed to highlight an important archaeological sequence dated from the 3rd cent. BC to the 2nd cent. AD. Archaeological investigations allowed to highlight walls, floors and foundation structures pertinent to a urban domus. For this site, seed and fruit analyses were carried out at the laboratory of Modena. In this context, archaeological charcoals have been studied in order to provide new botanical knowledge and to further understand the human-environment relationship (such as the choice of timber supply) at the local scale as well as to help the palaeoecological reconstruction of woody vegetation of the area. The analyzed charcoals were recovered by sieving the archaeological sediments from about forty layers or stratigraphic units. Nearly all the remains present an excellent state of preservation allowing a good identification, and a relatively large size with a very feeble curvature of the tree rings. This suggests that the caliber of the logs or branches was rather large in size in most of the remains. Of almost thousand total charcoals, at the moment, about 900 were identified and the anthracological results show a strong dominance of Fraxinus sp. and Carpinus sp. followed by Acer sp., Ulmus sp., Quercus sp. and other genera. Given the importance and complexity of the archaeological sequence, it will be necessary to compare the archaeobotanical data with the archaeological context in order to clearly relate the results with the relevant layers and archaeological context. The data probably refer to the mixed broadleaved forest that grew in the area. This work will provide interesting information by integrating the anthracological with the carpological data.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Autori:||Benatti, A.; Mercuri, A.M.; Allée, P.; Bosi, G.; Bal, M.C.; Labate, D.|
|Titolo:||The charcoal sequence of a Roman site located in the town of Modena (Northern Italy)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract in Atti di Convegno|
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