Ferrierite (FER framework topology) is a well-known aluminosilicate zeolite mineral. An understanding of the structure and properties of FER remains important because of its role as a catalyst in commercial reactions. For example, it is important in the petrochemical industry, where it has been used as a shape selective catalyst for the production of isobutene. The thermal behavior of this phase (in its high silica form) was recently studied by Bull et al [1], while its compressibilty has never been investigated before. The high pressure (HP) behavior of synthetic high silica zeolite ferrierite (FER) was investigated by means of in-situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, with the aim to understand the P-induced deformation mechanism. The microporous material was synthesized starting from pure silica and pyridine and propyl-amine as structure directing agents. Here we report the preliminary results on the compressibility of the as-synthesized phase. The study of the compressibility of the calcinated one will be carried out in the following steps of the project. The crystal structure of ferrierite is built up of rings of fivecorner-shared SiO4 tetrahedra (known as five-membered ringsor 5MRs) building units, which form layers in the ab plane. The layers are connected to form a matrix of 10MR channels running parallel to the c axis, which are intersected by 8MR channels running parallel to the b axis. Six-membered rings connect the 10MRs alongthe c axis direction. The HP diffraction experiments were performed at BM01a beamline (ESRF), at the fixed wavelength of 0.71 Å, using a modified Merril-Basset DAC and a mixture of methanol:ethanol:water (16:3:1) as P-transmitting medium. The powder patterns were collected from Pamb to 6.2 GPa. Some patterns were also measured upon pressure release up to Pamb, to check the reversibility of the compression effects. The unit cell parameters were refined by means of Rietveld method. The main results of this study are: 1) No complete X-ray amorphization is observed up to about 6.6 GPa; 2) No abrupt change of the elastic behavior is observed in the whole pressure range. Between Pamb and 6.2 GPa the reduction of the cell parameter are 4%, 5% and 6% for a, b and c respectively, accounting for a volume reduction of about 14 %. 3) The P-induced effects on the as-synthesized Si-ferrierite cell parameters are completely reversible. 4) The bulk modulus obtained using a second order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state and data weighted by the uncertainties in P and V was K0 = 30.1(3) GPa. This compressibility is one of the highest when compared with the other natural and synthetic zeolites studied with “penetrating” aqueous media [2, 3] and is very similar to that of SAPO-34 [4], another microporous material studied at HP in its as-synthesized form containing the organic template.

Compressibility behaviour of as-synthesized high-silica Ferrierite / Arletti, R.; Quartieri, S; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna. - STAMPA. - 1:(2011), pp. 31-31. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XL Congresso Associazione Italiana Cristallografia (AIC), tenutosi a Siena nel 19-22 September 2011.

Compressibility behaviour of as-synthesized high-silica Ferrierite.

Arletti, R.;VEZZALINI, Maria Giovanna
2011

Abstract

Ferrierite (FER framework topology) is a well-known aluminosilicate zeolite mineral. An understanding of the structure and properties of FER remains important because of its role as a catalyst in commercial reactions. For example, it is important in the petrochemical industry, where it has been used as a shape selective catalyst for the production of isobutene. The thermal behavior of this phase (in its high silica form) was recently studied by Bull et al [1], while its compressibilty has never been investigated before. The high pressure (HP) behavior of synthetic high silica zeolite ferrierite (FER) was investigated by means of in-situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, with the aim to understand the P-induced deformation mechanism. The microporous material was synthesized starting from pure silica and pyridine and propyl-amine as structure directing agents. Here we report the preliminary results on the compressibility of the as-synthesized phase. The study of the compressibility of the calcinated one will be carried out in the following steps of the project. The crystal structure of ferrierite is built up of rings of fivecorner-shared SiO4 tetrahedra (known as five-membered ringsor 5MRs) building units, which form layers in the ab plane. The layers are connected to form a matrix of 10MR channels running parallel to the c axis, which are intersected by 8MR channels running parallel to the b axis. Six-membered rings connect the 10MRs alongthe c axis direction. The HP diffraction experiments were performed at BM01a beamline (ESRF), at the fixed wavelength of 0.71 Å, using a modified Merril-Basset DAC and a mixture of methanol:ethanol:water (16:3:1) as P-transmitting medium. The powder patterns were collected from Pamb to 6.2 GPa. Some patterns were also measured upon pressure release up to Pamb, to check the reversibility of the compression effects. The unit cell parameters were refined by means of Rietveld method. The main results of this study are: 1) No complete X-ray amorphization is observed up to about 6.6 GPa; 2) No abrupt change of the elastic behavior is observed in the whole pressure range. Between Pamb and 6.2 GPa the reduction of the cell parameter are 4%, 5% and 6% for a, b and c respectively, accounting for a volume reduction of about 14 %. 3) The P-induced effects on the as-synthesized Si-ferrierite cell parameters are completely reversible. 4) The bulk modulus obtained using a second order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state and data weighted by the uncertainties in P and V was K0 = 30.1(3) GPa. This compressibility is one of the highest when compared with the other natural and synthetic zeolites studied with “penetrating” aqueous media [2, 3] and is very similar to that of SAPO-34 [4], another microporous material studied at HP in its as-synthesized form containing the organic template.
XL Congresso Associazione Italiana Cristallografia (AIC),
Siena
19-22 September 2011
Arletti, R.; Quartieri, S; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna
Compressibility behaviour of as-synthesized high-silica Ferrierite / Arletti, R.; Quartieri, S; Vezzalini, Maria Giovanna. - STAMPA. - 1:(2011), pp. 31-31. ((Intervento presentato al convegno XL Congresso Associazione Italiana Cristallografia (AIC), tenutosi a Siena nel 19-22 September 2011.
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