After a natural disaster, solidarity and helping behaviours among survivors are crucial for alleviating the adverse consequences of this event (Kaniasty & Norris, 2009). However, fostering mutual helping may turn out to be problematic in most of the today’s struck communities, given their increasingly multi-ethnic nature. Indeed, prejudice and intergroup biases may constitute serious obstacles to the willingness to help outgroup members. Yet, while a substantial literature examined the intergroup processes affecting helping in bystander groups (see e.g., Zagefka, Noor, Brown, Hophtrow, & de Moura, 2012), only recently social psychological research has explored these processes within ethnic groups actually involved in the disaster. In the present chapter, we will review research that focused on the conditions and the processes shaping intergroup helping in victimized ethnic groups. In presenting this research, we will focus on the interplay between individual reactions to the disaster and group variables in determining the willingness to help outgroup members. Further, we will stress the importance of adopting a multi-ethnic perspective because the majorities’ and minorities’ processes that drive intergroup helping are often radically different. A particular attention will be devoted to the mechanisms triggering children’s intergroup helping, as they appear to be different from those driving helping responses among adults. We will conclude by identifying effective strategies that would potentially make the salience of a natural disaster an unexpected opportunity to promote helping toward outgroup members and, ultimately, to improve intergroup relations and facilitate the recovery among individuals of struck communities.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo:||In the Aftermath of Natural Disasters: Fostering Helping towards Outgroup Victims|
|Autori:||Vezzali, Loris; Andrighetto, Luca; Drury, John; DI BERNARDO, GIAN ANTONIO; Cadamuro, Alessia|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/978-3-319-53026-0_15|
|Titolo del libro:||Intergroup helping: The positive side of intergroup behaviour|
|Tutti i curatori:||Van Leeuwen, Esther; Zagefka, Hanna|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Capitolo/Saggio|
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